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<A href="http://www.esimcom.com/russia/russiagost.asp"><FONT color=blue>Primary Russian Certification Schemes</FONT></A><BR><BR></P> </td> <tr></tr> </table> </td> <td width="575" valign="top"> <table width="575" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0"> <tr> <td valign="top"><!--images here--><IMG height=48 src="../images/bodyimages/russia_flag.gif" width=70 align=absMiddle border=1><IMG height=70 src="../images/ab/ab_russia_home.gif" width=505 border=0></td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"><br><!--Main Content Cell for Page--><!--Main Content Cell for Page--> <div class="small"><FONT color=maroon><STRONG>GENERAL INFORMATION</STRONG></FONT> <UL> <div class=small> <LI>Size: 6,591,104 sq mi <LI>Population: 150,000,000 <LI>Includes: "89 subjects" such as regions, autonomous republics etc.</LI> </div> </UL> <BR> <FONT color=maroon><STRONG>LEGISLATIVE BASE FOR CERTIFICATION</STRONG> </FONT> <BR> For years after the Great October Revolution of 1917 Russian Government controlled economic development of the Soviet Union as well as production and quality of the goods, manufactured in the country. The importation of the products from abroad was very limited, controlled and, therefore could not present any significant problems.<BR> The Certification System in Russia, as it is known now, was developed as part of "Perestroyka" in order to respond to the newly acquired economic freedoms and to ensure that the significant import of foreign made products will not create hazards for the consumers.<BR> The following are two main Laws that became the base of the new Product Certification System: <UL> <div class=small> <LI>Law of the Russian Federation No.2300-1 of 2/7/92 "On the Protection of Consumers Rights" <LI>Law of the Russian Federation No.5151-1 of 6/10/93 "On Certification of Products and Services"</LI> </div> </UL> <BR> These laws contain requirements for mandatory certification of consumer products and requirements for the structure of the certification system.<BR> There are several additional laws on certification in addition to the ones mentioned above. Three of these are: <UL> <div class=small> <LI>"On hygienic safety of citizens". No specific reference to standards exists, and the requirements are different in different regions of the Russian Federation. Local authorities control and conduct the sanitation inspections. <LI>"On energy efficiency". So far there are no nominated laboratories, no requirements and no list of standards related to this law. <LI>"On fire safety". The fire requirements for products are normally identical to the requirements in the safety standards.</LI> </div> </UL> <BR> Other more specific laws exist for specific areas: <UL> <div class=small> <LI>Cash registers require special evaluation and registration. <LI>Equipment requiring Calibration must undergo special evaluation and be registered in the State Registry. <LI>Medical products must, besides being certified, also be registered with the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. Registration usually requires clinical trials. <LI>Telecommunication equipment is, in addition to the above-mentioned laws, subject to law No.15-FZ (16 February 1995), "On Communications". This Equipment must obtain the Certificate from the Ministry of Communication. <LI>Equipment designed for Industrial Application, Chemical Environments and Explosive Atmospheres requires special permits from Gosgortechnadzor.</LI> </div> </UL> The certification system can be divided into two separate parts, one voluntary and one mandatory.<BR> Voluntary certification can cover just about anything - one example is certification of jewelry, where certificates of origin are used in marketing.<BR> The mandatory certification system covers all products that might be hazardous for persons or environment. All such products must be certified before they are marketed in or imported into Russia. Requirements exist for product safety, EMC, sanitation and performance. There is a list of products requiring mandatory certification, and it is based on HS Codes.<BR><BR> <FONT color=maroon><STRONG>CUSTOMS</STRONG></FONT><BR> All shipments are sealed when entering Russia, by border guards. The border guards furthermore obtain an "International Customs Transfer Guarantee" from the receiver of the shipment. The reason is that someone shall be responsible for the shipment to insure that the shipment doesn't disappear somewhere between the border and the customs station.<BR> The seals are opened at the customs station and the goods and documents are checked.<BR> NB: All products with a separate type designation must carry its own certificate.<BR> Authorized copies of the certificate shall be always shown in the customs and, if asked for, to the Trade Inspection.<BR> Products that lack certificates can be held in customs, banned from the market, the retailer/importer/manufacturer fined, and if an uncertified product is the cause of an injury of a person, sentenced to jail.<BR><BR> <FONT color=maroon><STRONG>GOSSTANDART OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION</STRONG> </FONT><BR> Gosstandart of Russian Federation was appointed to oversee the implementation of the above Laws. Gosstandart of RF is a State Committee - a government organization reporting to the Cabinet. The following are the responsibilities of Gosstandart: <UL> <div class=small> <LI>Implementation of Certification Laws <LI>Establishing Rules and Procedures for Certification <LI>Establishing Rules of Accreditation <LI>Accrediting Certification Bodies and Testing Laboratories <LI>Co-ordinating the Rules of Recognition of the Certificates by Customs <LI>Market Surveillance Inspection</LI> </div> </UL> <BR> <FONT color=maroon><STRONG>CERTIFICATIOM SYSTENS</STRONG> </FONT> <UL> <div class=small> <LI>22 different certification systems for like products <LI>6 systems for certification of services</LI> </div> </UL> <BR> <FONT color=maroon><STRONG>CERTIFICATION SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCTS</STRONG> </FONT> <OL> <div class=small> <LI>Transport vehicles and trailers <LI>Electrical equipment for compliance with safety standards (SSE SB) (&lt;= 1000 V) <LI>Toys <LI>Pumps, fittings, piping and cooling equipment <LI>Uncut diamonds powder and instruments <LI>Hand-carried weapons and cartridges <LI>Food stuffs and food raw materials <LI>Metal cutting, wood processing and metal working assembly tools <LI>Individual protection means <LI>Children s goods <LI>Household appliances on gaseous, liquid and solid fuels <LI>Lumber products <LI>Petroleum products <LI>Metalworking machines <LI>Chemical products (SEPROKHIM) <LI>High-voltage equipment (ENERGOCERT) (&gt; 1000 V) <LI>Agricultural machinery <LI>Ship and pleasure boat equipment <LI>Seeds and planting material <LI>Perfumery and cosmetics products <LI>Explosive materials and explosive-based products <LI>Textile and light industry products</LI> </div></OL> <BR> As stated previously, a manufacturer who wants to sell his products in Russia must have a GOST R certificate. In principle, the certificate will be valid for three years. Certification is based upon testing at accredited laboratories using GOST R standards. Russian safety standards are to an increasing extent based on IEC standards. EMC standards are also being harmonized, but still have some deviations due to unstable power conditions and other specific factors.<BR> Manuals must be written in the Russian language.<BR><BR> One year certificates are also available and will not require Factory Inspection.<BR><BR> For one time contract, a one time shipment certificates can be obtained.<BR><BR> The CB Scheme is very useful for electrical products. An exporter with a CB Certificate can use this CB Certificate and Test Report to get a GOST R certificate. Of course, additional EMC and in some cases sanitation and fire re-testing in Russia will be required.<BR><BR> The problem is that it takes a lot of time and effort to get the certificate, even if manufacturer has an EMC test report according to CISPR or EN standards, unless an agent or local representative is used.<BR><BR> Factory inspections are required for GOST R certification. Nowadays the CENELEC documentation is OK to use. Experience indicates that annual inspections are sufficient, but some officials claim that two inspections are required annually, plus continuous reporting of production results to the certification organization. An ISO 9000 certification by an organization accepted by Gosstandart would make it easier for the manufacturer.<BR> Gosstandart registers all certificates. The certificate holder must also buy a number of authorized certificate copies, since all retailers must be able to show a copy upon request. As stated before, a certificate copy for each type must be included in the transport documentation for all shipments into Russia.<BR><BR><STRONG> <FONT color=maroon>CERTIFICATION MARK</FONT> <BR></STRONG> <DIV align=center> <IMG src="images/GostMark.gif" align=absMiddle border=0> </DIV> GOST R Mark is identical for all products requiring mandatory certification. The unique Certification Body Number will be placed under the Mark to show, who certified the product.<BR><BR> <FONT color=maroon><STRONG>WHAT SIMCOM CAN DO FOR THEIR CLIENTS?</STRONG> </FONT> <UL> <div class=small> <LI>Conduct Russian Certification Training Seminars <LI>Manage the Application process for GOST R Certification, Telecom Certification, Industrial Certification <LI>Prepare GOST R Application Documentation <LI>Submit it to the proper Certification Organization <LI>Ensure that all the required re-testing is done on time <LI>Obtain the Certificates for most products within 15 working days after Application is received. <LI>Assist with organizing Factory Inspection, if and when necessary. <LI>Assist in obtaining the Ministry of Telecommunication Certificate for Telecom Equipment <LI>Assist in obtaining the Gosgortechnadzor Permit for Industrial Equipment <LI>Answer Questions</LI> </div> </UL> For more information please contact <b>SIMCOM</b> representative at: <b>+1 +1 (888) 501-1315 </b>or via e-mail: <A href="mailto:service@esimcom.com">service@esimcom.com</A> <h1 align="center" class="smallhome">Keywords: Russia business assistance, Russia trade barriers, Russia business, Russia trade restrictions, Russia business regulations, Russia business requirements</h1></div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table></div> </BODY> </html>